Science is a new way to teach middle school science. It is an
award-winning, standards-based program in which newsworthy events
establish the relevance of science topics; authentic tasks create the
need-to-know more about those topics; and lively interviews,
photographs, Web pages, and inquiry-based science activities create a
desire to know more about those topics.
Outbreak! is an
Event-Based Science module about disease. It uses the outbreak of the
Ebola virus that struck Kikwit, Zaire (now called Republic of Congo) in
1995, to establish the context for exploring related concepts.
task in Outbreak!
brings the study of diseases much closer to home. It turns students
into concerned citizens of a small U.S. town that is being struck by a
fatal respiratory disease. Students track patients, examine lab
reports, and put together the pieces of a real-world puzzle to find the
cause of the disease and recommend ways to prevent its spread.
is a problem with the Discovery File about Tuberculosis on page 21 of
the Student Edition. All people listed in the TG on page 5 do have TB.
The Outbreak! task is based on a true case history with only the names
and location changed. The discovery file should say that it takes a
positive x-ray or a positive sputum test to confirm the
diagnosis of TB. The sputum test is more sensitive. It picks up
positives that are missed by the x-ray, but it takes longer. Note that
the positives picked up by the x-ray have not been tested further.
(Since a positive skin test
means nothing, it wasn't even conducted for most patients.)
Thanks to Tara Evans, 7th
grade teacher at Rocky Hill Middle School, Clarksville, MD for catching
Between 1995 and 2017 the Event-Based
Science website was available
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2004 NSTA Eastern Regional Convention in Richmond, a teacher who uses Outbreak!
every year described a problem. She told us that because she teaches in
a small community the younger brothers and sisters of former students
come to her excited about the Outbreak! unit, but they already
know who brought the disease into the community.
response to this single request, we have created a complete new set of
Patient Profiles and Lab Reports for you to use.
your copy of each in PDF format please click here:
Descriptions of 15 patients and their symptoms.
Sequential Lab Reports for use in diagnosing the disease that strikes
you use these new profiles and reports and would like to know which new
patient brings the disease into the community. Please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org
. Send us your name and the name of your school. Use a school-based
email account. We do not want to give the answer to students.
As with all Event-Based
Science modules, much of the information that students need is provided
in the pages of Outbreak!.
However, more information is needed. Specific information about disease
and disease-causing organisms is available at the World-Wide Web sites
below. Click on the highlighted words and be linked with sites where
this helpful information can be found.
Links to Outbreak!
related WEB Sites
(Links are checked monthly. They were
working on the day of the last update.)
Centers for Disease Control
serves as the national focus for developing and applying disease
prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and
education activities designed to improve the health of the people of
the United States.
a goldmine of good health information from the world's largest medical
library, the National Library of Medicine.
is the antibiotic-resistant strain of bacteria that is now killing more
Americans each year than AIDS — 100,000 infections leading to 19,000
deaths in 2005, according to estimates in The Journal of the
American Medical Association. This article explains how our food
supply may be the cause of MRSA!
Monkeypox is an emerging viral disease in North America. Basic
information about Monkeypox from the CDC is available at this site.
link takes you to the latest search results about SARS (Severe Acute
Respiratory Syndrome) at the Centers for Disease Control and
Smallpox A CDC site with all of the latest
information about smallpox.
West Nile Virus Home Page
Using 2000 and 2001 West Nile Virus data that were provided by the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) the National Atlas
created great map products.
A CDC site with all of the latest information about the Ebola virus.
HealthHealth information on different travel destinations.
What to know before you go.
Association Home Page
From their main page, you can find information on lung cancer,
tuberculosis, emphysema and A1AD related emphysema, pneumonia,
sarcoidosis, HIV/AIDS and lung disease, and influenza.
Micrograph of the Ebola Virus
WORMS This CDC SITE contains everything you ever wanted to know
about parasitic worms.
Antibiotic Guide is a "decision support tool" intended to provide
doctors with information about the diagnosis and treatment of
infectious diseases. The information is arranged so that it is useful
at the point of care, instantly. Although this site is for doctors it
can be helpful to the "physician" on your task teams too. Free
registration is required.
the face of Medicine
Discover the many ways that women have influenced and enhanced the
practice of medicine. The individuals featured on this National Library
of Medicine site provide a glimpse of the community of women doctors
who are making a difference.